The young Soviet Russia was in dire need of watches for the army, navy, population. To solve this problem in 1927 the Council of Labor and Defense adopted a resolution “About the organization of watch production in the USSR “. In 1930, in the shortest possible time the First watch factory was built. It was a priority that has been given all the necessary resources and the best specialists, and in just a few years the development and production of several of its own calibers and models of watches was established. The Progress was impressive: in the pre-war time the First watch factory produced aircraft watches, stopwatches, navigation wrist watches with stopwatch, automobile clocks, nautical watches, deck watches and other.
In 1949, the production of «Sturmanskie» watches was mastered. These watches were made by special order of the air force and did not appear in the free market. They were issued to pilots of combat aircraft, together with the diploma of the flight school. Moreover, by the end of the pilot’s service the special Commission decided, whether he deserved to keep this watch for memory or not. The unique watch mechanism allowed the pilots of plane groups to synchronize their actions and, thus, to accurately perform complex joint maneuvers.
Yuri Gagarin took the «Sturmanskie» watch, made by special order, into space on April 12, 1961. In weightlessness the watch worked flawlessly. Later this legendary watch was transferred to the factory museum.